9 best programming languages for web development in 2022

In this article let’s take a look at 9 best programming languages for web development.

We will take a look at what is so special about the programming language regarding web development and some interesting statistics about that language and what are the popular websites developed using that language and

many more details so if you are confused regarding which language you should learn if you want to build a career in web development then you don’t need to worry about it and read this article till the end.

By the way if you are still not sure if you should consider a web dev then you should read my article on pros and cons of web development to decide whether it is a good career option or not by clicking here.

So without further ado let’s get started.

9 Best programming languages for web development

PHP

Hypertext Preprocessor or PHP is one of the best programming languages you can use for web development. This is a backend language for websites. This is also an open source programming language and it is free to use.

PHP language is used in 78 % of the all websites backend which means that 8 out of 10 websites on the Internet are using PHP language in some way or the other.

There are multiple reasons why this language is considered to be one of the best for web development and some of the reasons are,

  • The code of PHP is very easy and simple to understand and it has a small learning curve compared to other programming languages
  • Php is also one of the most secure programming languages, the PHP framework has underlying security measures in place that protect it against malware and virus attacks
  • PHP is easy to maintain and also very stable language and it has been more than 25 years since it was originally invented
  • PHP language is platform independent which means you can develop a code on one software like windows and run it on the other like IOS
  • Php is also one of the fastest code which is very easy to edit and because of simple and secure language, even the websites built on PHP language load faster

Because of all these amazing reasons, many popular website builders and popular websites are actually built on this language like, WordPress, wix, joomla, open Cart, Facebook, Wikipedia, Tumblr, Yahoo, mail chimp, flicker etc.

Javascript

JavaScript is the another best programming language for web development. By the way this is my favourite programming language out of all 9 in the list.

Unlike PHP, this language is used in both frontend and backend development purpose. And this is the most used programming language by developers in 2021.

Because of this reason more than 12.4 million developers use this language worldwide and because of its popularity more than 97% of the all websites use this language for the front end development.

There are many reasons why people use this language like It allows us to add dynamic behavior to the webpage and add special effects to the webpage. On websites, it is mainly used for validation purposes.

JavaScript helps us to execute complex actions and also enables the interaction of websites with visitors. Using JavaScript, it is also possible to load the content in a document without reloading the webpage. This language also has OOPs concept,

At the same time this language is compatible with lots of different web browsers like Chrome and Safari, at the same time

this language comes with lots of frameworks and libraries, Java will simplify the complex web applications development.

For example, you can create a basic menu on a website with HTML and CSS. With JavaScript, however, you can animate that menu and even make it easier for users to navigate

Because of all these amazing reasons and benefits many popular websites like Google Facebook YouTube Wikipedia Yahoo Amazon eBay LinkedIn and Twitter use this language in either frontend or backend or both.

Typescript

This is another good programming language we can use for web development.

Just like we have C and C++, TypeScript can be considered as JavaScript++ though it’s not as popular as C++.

This language has features like OOPs, supports other JS libraries and it is also platform independent.

The good part of TypeScript is that it adds type-safety in JavaScript code which means you can catch nasty JavaScript type-related errors in the development phase.

Because of all these benefits many popular website use this programming language.

Java

Java is another most popular language you can use for web development and let me tell you JavaScript and Java are not similar languages.

Java is a backend programming language.

This language is not just used in developing websites but also in applications, big data technologies, cloud based applications and LoT applications.

And the fact is that more than 50 million website using Java language.

There are many reasons why Java is a good programming language for backend of the website like this language has OOPs concept, it is highly secured language, simple and easy to learn and

you can work on this code on one place and run it anywhere as it is platform independent and it is also cheap to maintain and this language has been around for a while with a lot of demand and high paying salary for developers.

Because of all the reasons many popular websites use Java for the backend like Google, Facebook YouTube Amazon Twitter and LinkedIn.

Python

Python is another good programming language for web development.

Python is used by 1.4% of all the websites as backend language and you should know that there are 1.8 billion websites on the internet and

more website are getting created everyday so even the percentage is small but the number of websites use Python is pretty big.

There are multiple reasons why Python is good for the web development like, this language is powerful highly advanced programming language, yet the language is also very easy to learn,

Python programs are platform independent and you can run it on anywhere, at the same time using Python

you can integrate machine learning and artificial intelligence into your website to better understand the customers needs and behaviour

and this programming language has django framework which is one of the top 10 frameworks in the world and it helps creating high level website without starting from the scratch at the same time

it is very quick easy to use and secured language last but not least it also has large community and support group.

One of the major advantages of using Python for web development is its huge collection of standard libraries that make the work of developers comparatively easier and efficient.

The additional prominent and unique features of Python such as better code readability. Easier integration with other languages, GUI Programming support, portability, and numerous others makes it a more preferred language among web developers.

Because of all these reasons many popular websites use python for backend of the websites like spotify Quora reddit Instagram Google Pinterest Netflix uber dropbox instakart and survey monkey, etc

Swift

Swift is another popular web development language you can use. Compared to other programming languages this language is pretty young as it is announced in 2014.

This language is used in both frontend and backend development.

Swift is also a good language for web development because, it is very simple and easy to use and also very secure and open source language at the same time

it is also a cross-platform language, it also has object oriented programming and also very fast and powerful and it is also a first language.

Go and kotlin are considered a good alternative to this programming language when it comes to web development.

HTML and CSS

HTML and CSS combination is also a good markup languages for web development.

We can use both these languages for front end development and this languages help in creating web pages.

HTML is used in more than 93% of all websites and css is used in more than 96% of all websites.

There are many reasons why the combination of 2 languages are so popular for frontend because, HTML is easy to learn and it is platform independent,

it is supported by all browsers and also free to use and Without HTML, a browser would not know how to display text as elements or load images or other elements,

also has a large community where as CSS improves the loading speed of the webpage, CSS is used for defining the styles for web pages. It describes the look and formatting of a document which is written in a markup language.

It provides an additional feature to HTML. It is generally used with HTML to change the style of web pages and user interfaces.,

also provides lots of attributes and also very easy to maintain and also compatible with lots of devices which make the website mobile friendly, etc

Ruby

Ruby is also another good programming language you can use for web development. This is a open source programming language and also free to use.

This is a backend language which you can use for web development.

There are multiple reasons why this is also a good language for web development like, Ruby is a general-purpose, interpreted programming language that supports various programming paradigms such as procedural, functional, and object-oriented programming,

this programming language is platform independent and also very easy to learn for backend development compared to other backend languages.

Dynamic typing and Duck typing, Automatic garbage collection, Large standard library, Custom dispatch behavior, Flexibility & Scalability, Centralized package management through RubyGems, etc. Are some features of this language.

The list of companies that use Ruby on Rails includes Basecamp, Airbnb, Shopify, Goodreads, Kickstarter, Hulu, Bloomberg and others.

C/C++

C is probably the oldest and popular programming language and is the root of other programming languages such as C++, Java, and JavaScript. C++ is an enhanced version of C.

Many developers today skip learning C on its own, while others think learning C first provides a valuable foundation for C++ development.

Both of these languages are used for the backend web development.

The language provides you with various enriching features such as faster compilation, interoperability, scalable & updateable, component-oriented & structured language, and many others.

Because of this reason many top companies like Google Amazon Facebook Twitter and Bing use this languages in the backend.

With that said let’s end the article.

Conclusion

These are all the best programming languages you can get for web development purpose.

Do let me know what are your favourite programming languages for web development in the comment section below and also let me know if I have missed any other programming language in the list which you want me to include.

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