In this article let’s take a look at definition and difference between all the top 3 engineering educational institutions which are IIT, NIT, IIITs in detail.
So if you are confused regarding which institution you should select for your engineering undergraduation.
You don’t need to worry about it anymore and you should read this article till the end.
So without further ADO let’s get started.
What is IIT
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public technical universities located across India. It is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Education, Government of India.
They are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, which has declared them as Institutes of National Importance and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance.
The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists twenty-three institutes. Each IIT is autonomous, linked to the others through a common council (IIT Council), which oversees their administration.
Official website link: https://www.iitsystem.ac.in/
What is IIIT
Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) are a group of 25 Interdisciplinary Technical Universities of higher education in India, focused on Information Technology.
Five of them are established, funded and managed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The rest 20 are set up on the public-private partnership (PPP) model.
Official website link: https://www.iiit.ac.in/
What is NIT
The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are the premier autonomous public technical universities under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Education, Government of India.
They are governed by the National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research Act, 2007, which declared them as institutions of national importance and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance.
The act lists 31 NITs. Each NIT is autonomous, linked to the others through a common council known as the Council of NITSER, which oversees their administration and all NITs are funded by the Government of India.
Official website link: https://www.nitcouncil.org.in/
Now that you know the definition lets take a look at what is the difference between all these colleges in detail.
Difference between IIT, IIIT and NIT
Here is a table which explains the difference between all the top 3 educational institutions by looking at the difference of 12 factors in detail.
|When established||15 September 1956 (65 years ago) under the Indian Institute of Technology Act 1956||The bill was passed by the Parliament on 1 December 2014 and published as Indian Institutes of Information Technology Act, 2014 on 8 December 2014, coming into effect on 5 January 2015||15 August 2007 via National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007|
|Type of college||Public Technical University||Five of them are established, funded and managed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The rest 20 are set up on the public-private partnership (PPP) model.||Public Technical University|
|Programmes offered||IITs, collectively, offer B.Tech, M.Tech, Dual Degree and PhD programmes in more than 100 specialisations.||IIITs collectively offer BTech, MTech and Dual Degree programmes in a total of 5 engineering branches. The seat intake for BTech and dual degree programmes at IIITs stands at 4023.||Most of the NITs in India offer degree courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in various branches of Engineering, Architecture, Management and Science.|
|Total colleges||23 total IIT colleges||25 total IIIT Colleges||31 total NIT colleges|
|Total seats||As of 2021, the total number of seats for undergraduate programs in all IITs is 16,232.||Undergraduate programmes in IIITs are 6,000 seats there.||As of 2021, the total number of seats for undergraduate programs is 23,997 and for postgraduate programs 13,664 in all the 31 NITs put together.|
|Reservations & quota.||15%, 7.5% and 27% seats are provided for candidates originating from the SC, ST and OBC communities respectively.||No, there is no SC/ST/BC, women, physically challenged etc. Quota or reservation of any kind for IIIT admissions. All admissions are strictly merit based and in open category.||50% seats stand reserved under home state quota for eligible candidates, while the rest of 50% are left for candidates of other states|
|How to get admission||In order to get a seat in IIT colleges you need to write and clear the cutoff marks of JEE advanced exam which is second stage after clearing the JEE Mains and depending upon your caste reservation and your overall percentage in JEE advanced, your admission will depend.||In order to get a seat in IIIT college you need to write and clear above the cutoff marks in JEE mains exam and obviously depending upon your caste reservations and your overall percentage, your admission will depend.||In order to get admission and a seat in NIT College you need to write and get good percentage in JEE mains exam and depending upon your caste reservations and your overall percentage your admission will depend.|
|Facilities provided||Labs, gyms, cafe, hostels, wifi connectivity, grounds, Auditorium, Library, AC class rooms and many more||Labs, gyms, cafe, hostels, wifi connectivity, grounds, Auditorium, Library, AC class rooms and many more||Labs, gyms, cafe, hostels, wifi connectivity, grounds, Auditorium, Library, AC class rooms, large campus, etc|
|College fees||Fees of BTech course ranges from Rs 8-10 lakhs for general category students, The government has decided to waive in full the annual fees for students from SC/ST, differently-abled and economically weaker sections. Students from families with an annual income of less than Rs 1 lakh will be able to study in the IITs for free.||College fees will range from 3 to 5 lakh rupees for your 4 degree BTech under graduation, the fees will depend upon different IIIT institutions like, IIIT hyderabad and iiit Gwalior, etc, you can check the fees of all IIIT college clicking here.||Fees for btech course range between 8 to 10 lakh rupees for general category students including hostel fees and other fees and it also depends upon the caste, check the fee structure of all the NIT colleges here.|
|Top colleges||IIT Bombay, kharagpur, kanpur, Madras, delhi, hyderabad, roorkee, etc||IIIT Allahabad, IIITDM Kancheepuram, IIITDM Jabalpur, ABV-IIITM Gwalior, IIITDM Kurnool, IIITDM Hyderabad||NIT patna, Tiruchirappalli, Haryana, Trichy, Warangal, Karnataka,|
|Average package||Package of students in top IITs usually ranges from Rs 10-20 lakh per annum whereas, for other IITs, it is between Rs 5-10 lakh per annum. The highest salary package offered in the top IITs is usually above Rs 1 crore whereas, in other IITs, the annual CTC lies between Rs 30-70 lakh. Your package will depend upon other factors like which engineering branch you graduated from, your total marks and score, ,which company hired you, the IIT college you are graduated from, your skills, etc. This also applies to NIT, IIIT college packages as well.||The average package of students in IIITs usually ranges from Rs 10-15 lakh per annum whereas, for other IIITs, it is between Rs 5-10 lakh per annum. The highest salary package offered in the IIITs is usually around Rs one crore annually while, in other IIITs, the annual CTC lies between Rs 10-30 lakh. Usually, the top packages offered by companies are the international ones.||The average package of students in top NITs in India usually ranges from Rs 10-15 lakh per annum whereas, for other NITs, it is between Rs 5-10 lakh per annum and the highest package can range between 40 to 50 lakh rupees per annum.|
|Placement ratio||All the IITs offer 100% placements to their students.||There is around 90% placement ratio for the students.||There is around 70 to 80% ratio of placement for students in NIT, the ratio will depend upon different institution.|
These are all the things you need to know about all these top three educational institutions in our country.
With that said let’s end the article.
These are all things you need to know About these colleges.
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